Maximilien Luce - Maximilien Luce Biography, Artwork, Galleries Online | BLOUIN ARTINFO
Louise Blouin Media
Louise Blouin Media, Inc.
88 Laight Street
10013
New York
Blouin Artinfo

Subscriber login

Biography

Occupation: Painter, Printmaker 
Movement:  Neo-Impressionism
 
Maximilien Luce's Famous artworks
“Saint-Tropez,” 1892
“Madame Luce au balcon,” 1893
“Le Quai Conti,” 1894
“Montmarte, la maison de Suzanne Valadon,” 1895
“Nortre Dame,” 1899
“Nortre-Dame de Paris,” 1900
“Le Seine au pont Saint-Michel,” 1900
“Le Pont-Neuf, La Seine, Petit bras,” 1900
 
Maximilien Luce was a French Neo-Impressionist artist who was well known as a painter, lithographer and draftsman. 
 
Maximilien Luce's Early Years and Education
Maximilien Luce was born on October 13, 1858. His parents, Charles-Désiré Luce and Louise-Joséphine Dunas were of modest means and lived in the working-class neighborhood of Montparnasse. Luce began an apprenticeship with a wood engraver when he was 14, which lasted for three years. At the same time, he attended night classes to learn drawing and began to paint scenes from the working-class neighborhoods in which he was raised. The family had by this time moved to Montrogue. Luce also studied drawing under Diogène Maillard. In 1876, Luce began working at the studio of the engraver Eugène Froment where he made woodcut prints for a number of publications. The following year he traveled with Froment to London and on his return to France in 1879 he joined military service for a period of four years. He continued studying at the Academie Suisse and Carlous-Duran’s studio at the École des Beaux-Arts through his military service and after. He met and became friends with Léo Gausson and Émile-Gustave Cavallo-Péduzzi at the studio. His paintings from the period reflect an Impressionist influence. 
 
Maximilien Luce's Painting
On being released from military service, Luce was introduced to George Seurat’s Divisionist technique by Cavallo- Péduzzi and Gausson. Through the 1880s, Luce developed friendships with many artists in Paris including Camille Pissarro, Seurat, and Paul Signac. In 1887, Luce moved to Montmartre and participated in the third spring exhibition of the Société des Artistes Indépendants. Subsequently, he contributed to all the exhibitions of the Société des Artistes Indépendants until his death in 1941, barring 1915 and 1919, and was also elected to official positions in the society. However, he soon resigned from the post in protest of the society’s policy of refusing admission to Jewish artists. 
 
Maximilien Luce's Politics
It was through his Neo-Impressionist artist friends, particularly Pissarro, that Luce was introduced to anarchist ideas and became acquainted with anarchist writers and journalists such as Jules Christophe, Emile Pouget, Jean Grave, and George Darien. Luce contributed to anarchist publications and was also arrested for a short period on suspicion of being involved in the assassination of the president of France Mari François Sadi Carnot. Luce’s art often conveyed his political sympathies and leanings. 
 
Maximilien Luce's Changes in Life and Art
By the early 20th century, Luce began moving away from the Neo-Impressionists in both his political beliefs and art, the latter taking a turn towards Impressionism. Luce was mostly inspired to paint from what he saw around him and his work included, street scenes, factories, docks, as well as landscapes from his journeys through Normandy and Brittany. During World War One, his paintings depicted scenes of war and portraits of wounded soldiers returning home. 
 
Maximilien Luce's Personal Life
Luce met Ambroisine "Simone" Bouin, who went on to become his model, companion, and wife in 1893 in Paris. The couple’s first child, a boy named Frédérick, died in 1895 when he was 15 months old. They had another son the following year who was also named Frédérick. They adopted Bouin’s orphaned nephew Georges Édouard in 1903. Luce and Bouin married in Paris in 1940, only a few months before her death in June. Luce died in Paris on February 6 the following year. You can buy Maximilien Luce's artworks online.
 
Maximilien Luce's Museums/Collections
Musee d’Orsay, Paris
National Gallery, Oslo
Museum of the Annunciation, Saint-Tropez
Kroller-Muller National Museum, Otterlo
Phoenix Art Museum
Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Petit Palais, Geneva
National Museum of Modern Art, Paris
Art Institute of Chicago
Dallas Museum of Art
Louvre Museum, Paris
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
Cleveland Museum of Art
Indianapolis Museum of Art
Los Angeles County Art Museum
Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
 
Books / publications
“Maximilien Luce: Neo-Impressionist” by Vanessa Lecomnte and Aline Dardel
“Maximilien Luce” by Maria Tsaneva
“Division/Neo-Impressionism: Arcadia & Anarchy” by Vivien Green and Giovanna Ginex
“Maximilien Luce” by Jean Bouin-Luce and Denise Bazetoux
“Maximilien Luce” by Philippe Cazeau
“Maximilien Luce: The Evolution of a Post-Impressionist” by Joachim Pissaro and Eliot W. Rowlands

 

ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1987 - 2009)

5747

MAX PRICE

$2,500,000

AVG PRICE

$346,677

TOTAL SALES (1987 - 2009)

$12,480,391

 Georges-Edouard enfant, endormi et assis dans son lit by Maximilien Luce

Maximilien Luce

Georges-Edouard enfant, endormi et assis dans son

Aguttes, Paris - Drouot

March 26, 2018

 USD

 La Seine au Pavillon Marsan by Maximilien Luce

Maximilien Luce

La Seine au Pavillon Marsan

Aguttes, Paris - Drouot

March 26, 2018

 USD

 Le Jardin du Luxembourg by Maximilien Luce

Maximilien Luce

Le Jardin du Luxembourg

Aguttes, Paris - Drouot

March 26, 2018

$11,260  USD

SLIDESHOWS

Christie’s Impressionist and Modern Art Day Sale

By BLOUIN ARTINFO | November 7, 2017

GALLERIES